In 2013, Oregon lawmakers passed a law that would study pay It Forward as a university funding system. The model would allow students to attend college at no cost and then pay a portion of their income after graduation to fund the cost of their studies. However, unlike the revenue-equity model, Pay It Forward would be publicly funded and would offer fixed percentage refunds for all institutions.  In 2014, Senator Marco Rubio (R-FL) and MP Tom Petri (R-WI) introduced the investig in the Student Success Act (p. 2230). The law was reintroduced in 2015 (p. 2186) and 2017 (p. 268), but was never notified by the commission. The legislation asserts that ASAs are not a form of debt, but also excludes them from bankruptcy relief by declaring them qualified educational loans and waiving state usury laws. The legislation would set minimum requirements for ASAS, such as. B a maximum repayment period of 30 years, a 15% repayment percentage cap and a minimum income margin of USD 10,000. The legislation would also exclude ISA payments of the person`s gross income for federal income tax purposes.
Some fear that ISAs will have the effect of „creaming“ the best students and funding only elite institutions. However, in theory, ISAs should fund all economically viable programs (i.e., the future income of their graduates corresponds in proportion to the cost of the degree), so the only path that might be true is if the vast majority of institutions are not economically viable.  In the 1970s, Yale University tried a modified form of Friedman`s proposal with several cohorts of students. At Yale, instead of entering into individual contracts for a fixed number of years, all cohort members agreed to repay a percentage of income until the balance of the total cohort was paid. However, the system left frustrated students paying more than their fair share by being forced to make payments on behalf of their peers who were unwilling or unable to repay their loans.  Income participation agreements are an alternative to student loans for which the borrower agrees to pay a percentage of his income for a certain number of years after the conclusion. Income participation agreements are also called ASAs. Total payments under an income-equity agreement may be higher than total payments for federal and private student loans. In the UK, this type of agreement has obtained final approval from the FCA (UK Financial Regulator) within a single regulatory framework. To date, StepEx is the only company to be a regulated ISA provider and to insure the loan with the funds of major UK financial institutions. At present, ISAs are only available in the UK for postgraduate degrees in the professional fields of top universities.
This is a broader and more affordable alternative to debt for post-closing financing.  Profit-sharing agreements are characterized by a percentage of future returns for a given period. They can function as non-voting shares in a company where the individual student is treated as a company.. . .